October 24, 2019, The Liberacy:- Reservoirs in India helps in maintaining the “Agriculture Country” status of India. Theses dams are fully dependent on the rain or monsoon season off the water flowing through its rivers on which they are built.
India is a country of 3.28 million square kilometers by area and a population above 1.5 billion, having 4% freshwater availability compared to the world and adjusting 17.71% of the world population.
There is a wide gap between the need and supply. Hence creating water stress.
For providing its 1.5 billion population with just 4% freshwater, India has developed various methods of achieving a great task. Building a dam across a river is one of many. But, that too depends on monsoon majorly.
On a Survey of 30 reservoirs across the country, the stats reflected some great conclusions, showing the great monsoon.
|Sr. no||Reservoirs||River||State||This Year Water Level (Percentage)||Last 10 Year Water Level Average (Percentage)|
|1.||Thein (Ranjit Sagar Dam)||Ravi||Punjab||85||72|
|2.||Pong (Maharana Pratap Sagar))||Beas||Himachal Pradesh||87||84|
|3.||Gobind Sagar||Satluj||Himachal Pradesh||86||86|
|5.||Ramganga (Kalagarh Dam)||Ramganga (Inside Jim Corbett National Park)||Uttarakhand||63||68|
|7.||Gandhi Sagar||Chambal||Madhya Pradesh||92||61|
|11.||Rihand (Gobind Ballabh Pant Sagar)||Rihand||Uttar Pradesh||48||56|
|14.||Indira Sagar||Narmada||Madhya Pradesh||100||85|
|15.||Sri Ram Sagar||Godavari||Telangana||72||63|
Within the 30 Reservoirs, only 3 (Ramganga, Rihand, and Tilaiya) reserved water below the last 10-year average. Whereas, Ukai, Khadakwasla, Koyana, Bhadra, Kabini, Jayakwadi, Indira Sagar and Rana Pratap Sagar were completely filled to the top 100% level. These reservoirs are located on the western side which received excess rain this year, which also resulted in flooding in many regions of Maharashtra and Karnataka.
Sardar Sarovar and Sabarmati dam got completely filled for the first time. Last year they were around 30% to the capacity on an average and this year they got to a mark of 87% on an average. This amount of storage can supply for 2 years, including agricultural use without any difficulty as claimed by the central Home Minister.