All About Periods: Mensuration, PMS & Products to use.

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November 24, 2021, The Liberacy:- Periods or Mensuration is shedding of the endometrial tissue from the womb and is released through the Vagina with blood. Mensuration is also known as Menses. It is an indicator of normal sexual health of Women during their reproductive years.

Every woman has a regular intervals of shedding of this tissue with blood. On an average, Women have periods in approximately 28-days, but may have some variation in this, ranging from 24-day cycle to 35-day cycle, and this is called as Menstrual Cycle.

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Periods
Periods

What is a Period and when do they start?

Mensuration is the begining of the reproductive years of woman, when all her reproductive organs are matured to reproduce.
Periods normally starts between the ages of 12 to 16 years, and for some it may be earlier than this too.
The begining of Mensuration and start of periods, a woman is able to reproduce and can have pregnancy.

For the woman between the ages of 45 to 65, a begining of mensuration means the end of Menopause.

A woman has two Ovaries, which contains number of egs in it, and during the reproductive years, every month, the Womb prepares a lining for a fertilized egg. If during that period, the egg in the lining is not fertilized, the egg along with the lining shed out through Vagina along with Blood. This process is called period.

On an average, arounf 8 to 10 teaspoons of blood are shed each month in a single menstrual cycle.

A simple sign of getting the first period in teen girls is, around 6 months before getting her first period, a girl may detect more clear vaginal discharge, which is completely normal and marks the begining of her Puberty.

Menstrual Cycle.

Woman’s eggs are stored in the follicles, a part of her ovaries; and as soon as the Hormones are released by the pituitary gland in the brain, it signals the ovaries for the begining of the Reproductive Cycle.
As the Hormones start to stimulate, the follicles begins to produce Estrogen. The level of Estrogen starts to increase and this increased level of estrogen caused the womb lining to become thicker, and thus the womb lining starts to prepare to receive a fertilized egg.

I a woman has had unprotected sex before the release of egg and after the increased estrogen level, and a sperm is present in the fallopian tube, the egg may get fertilized and will marke the begining of pregnancy, and here thw woman will not have periods.

If the egg is not fertilized and there is no sperm in the fallopian tube, the estrogen level will drop and the womb lining will get tinner and thinner untill it is shedded out with the unfertlized egg, making the begining of her periods, which gererally lasts for 5-days.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is an all linked emotional, physical and psychological changes in a woman during or before the Menstrual Cycle.
There are number of symptoms that are felt leading to her periods, such as,

  • Acne.
  • Headache.
  • Abdominal Bloating.
  • Backache
  • Mood Changes.
  • Insomnia.
  • Breast Tenderness.
  • Weight Gain.

With the begining these symptoms usually lessens in intensity and disapper with the end of periods.

Irregular or Absent Periods.

Irregular periods happens for some women, breaking the average menstrual cycle length of 28-days and carrying it irregularly from 21-days to 40-days.
Irregular Periods may have variations in,

  • The interval between periods.
  • Amount of blood lost.
  • The duration of Bleeding.

The higher amount of blood loss and for higher duration may cause Menorrhagia.

It is quite usual to have irregular periods uo to 6 years after experiencing the first menstrual cycle.
Irregular Period or missed period may not necessarily mean the anticipation of pregnancy, it may be caused due to excessive stress and anxiety.

Absent Periods, also known as Amenorrhea, is the case when a woman stops getting her periods completely, or hasn’t began her first menstruationtill the age of 15 or have missed three periods in a row.
Main reasons behinf Absent Periods may be.

  • Excessive Weight Loss.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Hormonal Problems.
  • Stress.
  • Birth Control.

Hormonal therapy is prescribed for the treatment of Absent Periods or Amenorrhea.

Pain, Cramps and Treatment.

During Mensuration, women’s may experience minor or excessive pain, and with the end of her periods the pains too goes off.

Some woman may experience excessive pain called Dysmenorrhea, and may need peoper medication.

The condition od Dysmenorrhea is also known a Cramps, and it usually begings after Ovulation, when the ovaries release the egg down the fallopian tube.

Cramp pain can affect abdomen and lower back, and the intensity of this pain is capable of disturbing a woman’s daily life.

Treatment for the relief from mensuration pains and discomfort,

  • Painkillers help in easing the pain through the body.
  • Contraception pills usually makes the lining thinner, and results in less contraction.
  • Masturbation is usually helpfull for easing the cramp pains.
  • Exercise.
  • Heat Treatment, that is, holding a hot watter bag over the abdomen lowers the pain.

Products to be used during Periods.

There are limited range of products to be used during periods for mainting hygeine during those 5-days, as women are more vulnerable to diseases through bleeding.

  • Sanitary Pads: These are pads that absorb the menstrual flow from the vagina, and are place in the underwear.
  • Tampons: These are small cylindrical cotton clends inserted inside the vagina to absorb the menstrual flow.
  • Menstrual Cup: These are cups inserted inside the vagina to hold the menstral flow and keep it inside blood unsless it is taken out and cleaned. These are generally resuable and there are disposable versions of it too.

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