December 18, 2019, The Liberacy:- Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2019 was introduced in the lower house of Indian parliament, Lok Sabha, on 9th December 2019 and was passed on 10th December 2019 at midnight, with 311 votes in favor and 80 in against. In the upper house, Rajyasabha, the bill was introduced on 11th December and after a day of debate, it was passed from the upper house as well, with 125 votes in favor and 105 votes in against. This made the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) as an Act (CAA), after being approved by the President of India.
Q) What is the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA)?
A–> The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 is an amendment to the existing, citizenship act of 1955. This amendment will only grant citizenship to the persecuted minorities from Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh.
This will certainly exclude Muslims, as Muslims are a majority in these three Islamic countries.
Q) What is the National Register of Citizens (NRC)?
A–> The National Register of Citizens (NRC), as previously experienced by Assam, identifies illegal immigrants across the country.
Home Minister of the Union of India, has already announced that the Nation-wide NRC is going to be conducted in the coming days.
To prove that you are an Indian citizen and be your name in the final NRC list, you have to provide certain documents.
Irrespective of the fact that someone might have lost their all documents in recent flooding, or the women in tribal areas who hardly know anything about the term citizen and/or the transgenders, who were already thrown out of the limelight in Indian democracy.
If you fail to present the documents, you will be identified as a foreigner.
Q) How are CAA and NRC connected?
A–> CAA and NRC are the twin brothers from different mothers. If one’s name is not in the final NRC list and he/she is a non-muslim (Hindu, Sikh, Christian, Jain, Buddhist or Parsi) and relate to the three mentioned Islamic countries, still he/she will be granted Indian citizenship under CAA.
But, if you are a Muslim and your name is not the final list of NRC, irrespective of the fact that you belong to the three mentioned Islamic countries or not, you have to GO BACK!
Q) Will CAA take away your Indian Citizenship?
A–> Answer to this question is NO.
CAA only grants Indian citizenship to the persecuted minorities from the three (Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh) Islamic countries.
NRC can take away your existing Indian citizenship. But, you don’t have to worry if you are a TRUE INDIAN, and have enough old documents to prove it.
Q) Why is Assam burning?
A–> Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Mizoram are protected with Inner Line Permit, which will not allow citizens through CAA to enter these states. Manipur will be added to Inner Line Permit soon.
The Sixth Schedule (autonomous districts) of the Indian constitution, protects most parts of the Meghalaya and Tripura, effecting somewhat of the same as Inner Line Permit.
But, most parts of the Assam will be open and vulnerable to the CAA citizens and will have to take the extra population stress. 1.4 million people according to Assam NRC.
THAT’S THE REASON.
Q) Why Muslims are excluded in CAA?
A–> The three countries, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, according to their respective constitutions, are Islamic countries where Muslims are in majority and safe from the violence done to the minorities and hence do not come under the category of persecuted minorities.
It has been argued that, during partition of India in 1947, the people who left India (Muslims), to create a new Muslim (Islamic) nation, Pakistan (East and West), took LAND FROM INDIA and if the majority Muslims are offered citizenship, will they bring back the land they took in 1947?
Q) Does CAA violates Article 14 of the Indian Constitution?
A–> Answer is NO.
CAA is not for the Indian citizens and hence the Right to Equality (Article 14) is not violated.
CAA only helps the persecuted minorities from Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh.
CAA should be seen as a helping hand from India towards humanity.
CAA will never affect any Indian Citizen. It is a citizenship giver and not a citizenship taker law.
Nation-wide NRC will be DANGEROUS, as it will bring out every Indian to stand in a queue to prove that they are Indian.
Several protests broke out after the bill was passed in Rajyasabha, with incidents of stone-pelting, arson, and marches, damaging a huge pile of public properties.
Several university students stood up and in the backdrop of this protest from students, many anti-social elements spread the violence and torched buses, cars, and bikes on the roads, and pelted stones on police.