Tibet is the land of Tibetan people residing over the Tibetan plateau, and it is a landlocked nation surrounded by India, East Turkistan, China, and Cantonia. Currently, Tibet is a colony of China, ruled by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in the People’s Republic of China (PRC), and there are constant clashes between the Tibetan people and the Chinese government and armed forces for the freedom of Tibet.
Tibet consists of three regions named, Xizang, Qinghai, and Sichuan spanning over 970,000 sq-mi in the area with a population of around 6.7 million consisting of people from different ethnic groups, such as Tibetan, Monpa, Tamang, Qiang, Sherpa, Lhoba, Han Chinese, and Hui people.
Tibet is located at the highest location in the world, and that makes Tibet the highest nation in the world, with an elevation of 4380 m.
Xinhai Revolution of 1911 against the Qing Dynasty led to the removal of China’s last imperial dynasty and ultimately led to the establishment of a more democratic structure in China, the Republic of China.
As the Qing Dynasty was thrown out of the Tibet region, the region ultimately declared its independence, without taking the Republic of China into consideration, with its capital at Lhasa.
Tibet maintained itself as an independent nation till the Republic of China was in the Chinese center, but in 1949 the Chinese Communist Party took over China, by throwing out the Republic of China and establishing the People’s Republic of China (PRC), the Tibet was eventually dragged in the Danger.
The battle of Chamdo (1950) was the attempt of the People’s Republic of China to take over Tibet by annexing the Chamdo region. The result was, that Tibet fell into the hands of the PRC and the Tibetan government left Tibet.
In 1959, the government of Tibet was abolished and the exile government of Tibet was formed in Dharamshala, India, as India gave shelter to the 14th Dalai Lama and others from Tibet.
The Tibetan Government in Exile referred to as the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA), is modeled as the elective parliamentary government. A charter was formed in 2011, that repealed the articles related to the role of the Dalai Lama. It was created after Dalai Lama took the decision to not hold any political or administrative role of any kind on 29th May 2011.
It follows the “Green Book” which is made for all the Tibetans living outside Tibet, as it is the most important document, and more than 90% hold it. It serves as a receipt book for the person’s “voluntary taxes” to the CTA, and has been described by a CTA official as “the passport of the exiled Tibetans to claim their rights from the Tibetan Government in Exile”
The Real China.
China, under the regime of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), established the People’s Republic of China (PRC) on 1st October 1949, and overthrew the Democratic structure of the Republic of China (ROC), and started its expansionist policy with the Eight Nations colonized and Two Regions of other nations annexed.
China has been accused of Human Rights Violations in Tibet as in many instances after 1951 there have been unwarranted detention, disappearances, arbitrary arrest, restricted freedom, religious restriction, and torture.
Tibet has also seen forced abortion and sterilization to contain the growing population of Tibet and its indigenous culture. It is seen as an attempt at ethnic cleansing and wiping out a race and their language from the face of Earth.
Tibetans and their main officials try to flourish their culture through the platforms of other countries like the USA, India, and the EU.
The Tibetan media is tightly controlled by Communist China, according to a report by Amnesty International, and it gets difficult in China to make one’s voice to be heard, just like the Judicial structure and efficiency of China, which is lower than any international standard taken into account.
Human Rights conditions in Tibet, before PRC led China colonized, were completely different compared to the modern era.
During the “Great Leap Forward” it is estimated that about 200,000 to 1,000,000 Tibetans lost their lives in the struggle against the PRC and the Chinese military, and around 6,000 monasteries were destroyed during the “Cultural Revolution” of 1966 that was an aimed plan of PRC to destroy the historic architecture of Tibet.
Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 resulted in widespread protests against the PRC by the monks of Drepung and Sera.
The Human Rights Commission has shown concerns in the region. PRC and the Chinese military have been accused of restricting Freedom of Religion which stops the monks from waving the Buddhist flag, custodial deaths, illegal arrest, torture, no freedom to form associations, forced abortion, and sterilization to limit the growth of the Tibetan population.
China, which is currently led by the Communist Party, has been into Human Rights Atrocities, Ethnic Cleansing, and Genocide. These topics have raged the people of China, and as a result, we see many pro-democratic movements in China, but all are suppressed due to totalitarian administration and controlled press.
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