Article 44: Indian Constitution

Article 44 of the Indian Constitution titled “Uniform civil code for the citizens” belongs to Part 4 of the Constitution, the Directive Principles of the State Policy (DPSP), whose ultimate goal is to define principles on which the policies of the states should be based on, and under article 44 the Constituent Assembly has directed the state to secure a Uniform Civil Code throughout the country.

Article 44 of the Indian Constitution
Article 44 of the Indian Constitution

Article 44

Uniform Civil Code for the Citizens

The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a Uniform Civil Code throughout the territory of India.

Significance of Article 44
  1. During the debate in Constituent Assembly regarding the Uniform Civil Code (UCC), there was no ‘one opinion’ about what common law should govern India and its people in matters of personal affairs, as India is a mix of cultures and religions with their own personal law governed by their peers, and at the time, it became impossible for the Assembly to bring everyone under one common law and hence left the topic of Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in the hands of future generations.
  2. Article 44 shows the ‘Liberal-Intellectual Principle’ of the Indian Constitution under Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) and showcases a new variety of principles that the state should thrive to acquire as it was absent in the society during the time the Indian Constitution was made.
  3. Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) has ‘No Legal Force’ which means it cannot be enforced by the administration or the courts, but remains as the core value of governance.

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