Bonn Convention


November 23, 2021, The Liberacy:- Bonn Convention, also known as CMS (Convention on Conservation of Migrating Species), is an international treaty, adopted with an aim for the conservation of migrating species of wild animals.
Conn Convention was adopted in 1979, in the German city of Bonn, and came into force in 1983.
Bonn Convention was adopted with a singular aim of protecting Migrating Species of wild animals and/in their natural habitat.

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Bonn Convention
Bonn Convention


It works under the watch of “United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)”.
This convention has both, the legal and the non-legal bindings on the parties/countries, according to the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) drafted for the conservation for different species at different habitats.
Conn Convention divided the migratory species into two appendices, according to the threat level and the level of protection needed.


Appendix 1

  • Endangerd Species.
  • It Lists out the migrating species that were assesses and tagged as being in the danger of extiction.
  • It also enlists the species that are on high risk of extinction in wild life in the coming future and/or as defing by IUCN.


Appendix 2

  • It comprises of the list of migrating species that need special protection at range of states and/or in wild, to which, if not give, can be threatened to extinction and might get listed in Appendix 1.


“ASCOBANS” which stands for “Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic, North East Atlantic, Irish and Noth Ses.” came into force in 2004, under Bonn Convention.
African Continent has the largest number of members to Bonn Convention.
There are 131 parties under the convention, and the latest to join was “The Central African Republic”, which joined in 2020.


India joined Bonn Convention in 1983, and hosted the COP13, with Great Indian Bustard as the mascot, and India held the post of President to COP till 2023.

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